Marine and Polar

Coastal Blue Carbon It was not until 2009 that the specific value and role of mangroves, saltmarshes and seagrasses for climate change mitigation began to be addressed by climate policy experts....
The IUCN Global Marine and Polar Programme's work is organised below under ten broad themes. As some of our work cuts across these themes, some project work may feature under more than one theme...
The oceans have absorbed between 24% and 33% of anthropogenic carbon dioxide CO2) emissions during the past five decades. While this uptake provides a valuable service to human societies by...
Climate change is severely and rapidly impacting species, ecosystems and people around the globe. Climate change and ocean acidification are...
Ocean Warming Ocean warming may well turn out to be the greatest hidden challenge of our generation. Up to now, the ocean has shielded us from the worst impacts of climate change by absorbing...
Polar bears
Monaco, 4 April 2017 (IUCN) – The Arctic Ocean urgently needs protection as melting sea ice is opening up previously inaccessible areas to activities...
The report identifies seven globally significant marine sites in the Arctic Ocean that warrant protection and could potentially qualify for World Heritage status.   “The Arctic Ocean plays a...
The conservation community is celebrating a new marine protected area (MPA) for Canada’s ancient and unique glass sponge reefs, which provide a vital...
The new MPA lies on a site  designated as a Hope Spot- sites that are internationally recognised for their importance to the global ocean’s (and thus people’s) health. “The reefs are an...
Contacts Carole Martinez Programme Coordinator - EU Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories, Global Marine & Polar Programme IUCN Rue Mauverney 28 ...
water in front and green mangroves halfway up the photo with blue sky in back
Today, a rapidly increasing number of people are flocking to the coasts – to build their homes, to spend their holidays or to conduct business...
Dangers to life on the coast Already half the world’s population lives within 60 km of the sea, and most large cities are found on the coast. But life on the coast now comes at a high cost, with a...
still water in the foreground with tall green mangroves in the back
Climate mitigation and adaptation are a country’s most pressing actions in the face of a looming global climate crisis –with catastrophic...
With the adoption of the Paris Agreement, governments re-affirmed the importance of sustaining and restoring healthy ecosystems, including coastal areas, for their climate mitigation benefits. Faced...
illustration with hands holding a sphere with image of mangrove and people
There is an urgent need to address the global degradation of coastal ecosystems, but are mass mangrove planting initiatives sustainable? 
In recent years, hundreds and sometimes thousands of volunteers have been involved in mass mangrove planting efforts, gaining media recognition and even earning entries into the Guinness Book of...
Mangroves and the SDGs
The answer is yes. Restoring and protecting mangroves helps fulfil multiple Global Goals, from improving life below water, to reducing poverty and...
In September 2015, 193 countries adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – a roadmap to alleviate global poverty, advance social and economic development and importantly, further the...
Our existence depends on flows of goods and services delivered by a stock of natural resources – our ‘natural’ capital. But as we have degraded the...
People have long depended on natural systems for our survival and development, nowhere more visible than in our history of extracting minerals and fuel products. However, we have also started to see...

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