To achieve these objectives, the BMZ project uses Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) and an ecosystem approach towards rehabilitation and conservation. This is a continuous and dynamic process that unites government and the community, science and management, sectoral and public interests in preparing and implementing an integrated plan for the protection and development of coastal ecosystems and resources.
In this project, the process of achieving these objectives was considered as important as the achieving them.
Several steps are critical in this process:
- Defining ecosystem boundary and characteristics: conservation of ecosystem structures, processes and interactions;
- Consideration for the range of frequently conflicting objectives;
- Stakeholder participation, consensus building, and setting management objectives (short, medium and long-term);
- Consideration for equity in distribution of benefits;
- Information availability for management decision making; and
- Use of a pragmatic approach: applying adaptive management and using the precautionary principle.