China has the largest number of threatened amphibian species in Asia, with 96 (26%) of its amphibians facing possible extinction. According to the most recent Global Amphibian Assessment (GAA), out of the 38 species of amphibians that are confirmed to be extinct in Asia, one species has been from China. In addition to this, 8 species were evaluated as Critically Endangered, 32 as Endangered and 56 as Vulnerable. Further, 83 species are listed under the data deficient category which indicates that the number of threatened species can be much higher once information becomes available to assess these species as well.
- Loss and fragmentation of habitats is the immediate threat to amphibians in China. A vast majority of Chinese amphibians occupy regions that are undergoing rapid urban development, logging and industrialization that have resulted in the reduction of natural forest cover. In addition, many amphibian species dwell in areas that are increasingly being used for agricultural purposes.
- Building of dams and water management systems also have a disturbing affect on stable environments populated by amphibians by altering the natural river flow in these areas.
- Pollution, especially by agricultural and industrial effluents, has further contributed to the decline in amphibian populations.
- Some species are threatened due to hunting, as their flesh is considered a delicacy in Asia.
- Measures taken to protect habitats and key resources.
- Land and water management techniques modified to minimize the impact on amphibians.
- Sustainable management of harvesting and trading of amphibians
- Education and awareness.
- Ensuring compliance and enforcement of law and policy at national level.
- Livelihood alternatives introduced to reduce dependency on amphibians and their habitats.