Spain is one of the most diverse countries in terms of biodiversity in the European Union. Situated between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Spain contains four of the nine biogeographic regions of the European Union (Atlantic, Alpine, Mediterranean and Macronesian) which provide for the coexistence of a large number of species of fauna and flora. The country is located in one of the 25 biodiversity hotspots in the world, thanks to its high rate of endemism, which requires specific steps to address conservation issues.

In recent years there have been many advances in the number of protected areas, especially within the Natura 2000 network. Protected areas in Spain cover more than 15 million hectares, representing over 27% of its land area.

The Spanish Committee of IUCN works for the conservation of biodiversity and natural heritage, in collaboration with its 40 members which include some of the most influential Spanish conservation organizations, from both the public and private spheres. The IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation (IUCN-Med) based in Malaga, Spain, also contributes to IUCN's work in the country. 

To learn more about biodiversity in Spain, please visit the Spanish Inventory of Natural Heritage and Biodiversity.

Spanish version