Turkey is located in three biogeographical regions: Anatolian, Mediterranean, Black Sea region, and their transition zones. Its climatic and geographical features change within short intervals of space due to the country’s position – a bridge between two continents. Thanks to its location, Turkey’s biological diversity can be compared to that of a small continent: the country’s territory consists of forests, mountains, steppe, wetlands, coastal and marine ecosystems and different forms and combinations of these systems.
This extraordinary ecosystem and habitat diversity has produced considerable species diversity. Turkish fauna biodiversity is quite high compared with the biodiversity of other countries in the temperate zone. Despite the lack of data, invertebrates constitute the largest group among the identified living species. The total number of invertebrate species in Turkey is about 19,000, of which about 4,000 species/subspecies are endemic. The total number of vertebrate species identified to date is nearly 1,500. Of the vertebrates, over 100 species are endemic, including 70 species of fish. Anatolia is home to the Fallow Deer and the Pheasant. The fact that Turkey is located on two major bird migration routes in the world makes it an important feeding and breeding area for birds.
IUCN National Committee of Turkey was established in 2005 and has been working on conservation topics since then. There are 6 IUCN Members in the Committee:
- Ministry of Forest and Water Affairs
- General Directorate on Conservation of Natural Assets
For more information visit the website of the National Committee of Turkey