CITES Implementation

CITES – Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of fauna and flora

IUCN Oceania currently offers technical capacity and advice on CITES implementation to IUCN’s State Members in Oceania. Partnerships are being explored with other organizations in the region including SPC, SPREP and regional governments, in order to improve on capacity building efforts and implementation of the Convention in the Pacific Islands region.


  1. Production of a CITES Manual for Fiji’s CITES Authorities

Funds were secured from the British High Commission in Fiji to produce a CITES Manual for the Fiji Islands CITES Authorities and Customs Officers. This user-friendly manual incorporates species ID guides, relevant legislation and information regarding enforcement, in order to assist in the implementation of CITES in Fiji. The manual was produced in partnership with the Department of Environment, Fiji’s State member of IUCN.

As part of the production of the CITES Manual, a two-day workshop was held in order to train Officers on the use of the manual. Presentations were given on CITES and the Endangered and Protected Species Act (EPS Act), an introduction to CITES-listed species and the necessary permitting requirements, and the role of authorised officers in enforcement of the EPS Act. The workshop was combined with a series of practical exercises and group discussions that helped to identify issues currently hindering border enforcement, and ways in which border control processes can be improved.

  1. Attendance at CITES CoP15 and CoP16

Advice and technical capacity has continuously been offered to the Department of Environment for the implementation of CITES in Fiji. As part of this support, IUCN Oceania's Species Officer attended CoP15 in Doha Qatar in 2010 and CoP16 in Bangkok Thailand in 2013 as part of the Fiji delegation.

  1. Attendance at regional workshops

Regional workshop on giant clam management and international trade

This regional workshop on the management of sustainable fisheries for giant clams (Tridacnidae) and CITES Capacity Building, was held in Nadi, Fiji in August 2009.

The workshop was facilitated by the CITES Secretariat and SPC, with support from SPREP, IUCN Oceania and NOAA. Participants from regional CITES Parties and non-Parties gathered to review the current status, population and management of giant clams. Bringing together government participants and staff from the CITES Secretariat also provided an opportunity for Parties to learn more about CITES and strengthen regional capacity for implementing the Convention. This workshop allowed participants to hear the difficulties affecting other CITES Parties in the region, and for the CITES Secretariat to offer advice and assistance on the mutual challenges facing the Pacific islands.

Proceedings from the workshop were prepared by SPC and SPREP and can be downloaded here

Regional workshops on CITES non-detriment findings for marine-listed species

IUCN Oceania, along with the CITES Secretariat, SPC, SPREP, NOAA and regional Parties and non-Parties have been involved in a number of workshops seeking to raise awareness and understanding of the CITES non-detriment finding process for marine-listed species - particularly for corals, clams and sharks. Under CITES, any export of a species listed on Appendix II of the Convention can only take place once it has been shown that the export will not be detrimental to the survival of the species concerned – this is termed the non-detriment finding.

Workshop proceedings are available here.