Environmental Economics resources
This resources page brings to you publications and research relating to environmental economics in the Pacific.
Integrating economics into resource and environment management: some recent experiences from the Pacific
Pacific Islanders rely on limited resources and other natural endowments for their economic, social, cultural and spiritual wellbeing. Many communities now face declining environmental quality and decreasing local reserves of some local resources. There is an increasing acceptance that human development cannot occur through preservation, but must include sustainable resource use too.
Resource and environmental economics can help in this endeavour by increasing understanding of human behavior in an environment like the Pacific where resources are not infinite. However, undertaking such resource and environmental economic analysis in the Pacific island countries is not without challenges, particularly since there are data and capacity constraints and economics analysis-based decision making is in its infancy across most of the Pacific Island Countries.
In an effort to encourage sharing amongst practitioners, a workshop of 14 resource economists from the Pacific was convened in 2009 by IUCN Oceania Regional Office, which also led to the formal launch of the Pacific Resource and Environmental Economics Network (PREEN). The collection of papers that were presented at the workshop are presented in this book as peer reviewed technical papers covering key thematic resource and environment management topics, such as waste management and economic costs of climate change.
Economic costs of January 2009 Nadi floods
A SOPAC technical report based on the socioeconomic assessment of the impacts of the January 2009 floods on households and private businesses in the greater Nadi area, Fiji. Conducted in February, the survey used a sample 717 households and 230 private businesses to estimate the gross losses faced in the greater Nadi area. The intended outcome of this assessment is improved flood mitigation and warning advocacy, decision-making and investment analysis.
Institutional capacity within Melanesian countries to effectively respond to climate change impacts, with a focus on Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands
This report presents findings from an assessment of institutional capacity within Melanesian countries to address climate change impacts. The assessment covers the four independent countries of Melanesia with a particular focus on the archipelagic countries of Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands.
Review of Economic and Livelihood Impact Assessments of, and Adaptation to, Climate Change in Melanesia
The paper provides a review of published and grey literature on the expected economic costs of climate change, climate variability and sea level rise in the Pacific, including Melanesia and gaps in knowledge about economic cost of climate change; as well as capacity development needs for strengthening resilience to climate change.
‘Investing in Coral Reefs: If It Worth It?’ Workshop led by Nicolas Pascal
CRISP aims to develop a vision for the future of these unique ecosystems and the communities that depend on them. From 22-26 November 2010, the CRISP Coordinating Unit conducted a workshop involving over 20 leading regional researchers and local policymakers. The workshop, held in Noumea (New Caledonia) was financially supported by the French Pacific Fund and was offered in partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Institute for Pacific Coral Reefs, and the South Pacific Regional Environment Program. This workshop report reviews the results, recommendations and conclusions of the week’s proceedings. The Initiative for the Protection and Management of Coral Reefs in the Pacific (CRISP) is sponsored by the French government and prepared by the French Development Agency.
Economic costs of January 2009 Ba floods
This SOPAC technical report documents a socioeconomic assessment of the January 2009 flood impacts on households and private businesses around Ba, Fiji.As part of this assessment, a survey was conducted during 23–27 February 2009. A total of 328 households, 91 businesses and 21 market stall holders were interviewed on subjects including types of damage incurred, possessions lost, medical expenses and evacuation costs. The assessment is intended to contribute to improved advocacy, decision making and investment analysis for flood mitigation and warning for Ba. The information will also help international agencies identify assistance programs in Ba.
‘Cost Benefit Analysis on Community-Based Marine Protected Areas: 5 case studies in Vanuatu’ by Nicolas Pascal
The Initiative for the Protection and Management of Coral Reefs in the Pacific (CRISP) aims to develop a vision for the future of these unique ecosystems and the communities that depend on them. The number of reported Marine Managed Areas (MMAs) driven by local communities has strongly increased in the Pacific region in the last 10 years and has been estimated at more than 500 in 2007. This study involves an appraisal of investment in community-based marine protected areas, in 5 selected fishing villages in Vanuatu. Cost-benefit analysis is the tool of assessment used throughout the study. The study concludes that although positive economic returns can be seen with regards to investments in these projects, not all the investments in MPAs have been recuperated after the first 5 years. This emphasises that there may be other means for villagers to gain positive economic returns in those 5 years, for example through fishery development or tourism. In a context of increasing fishing effort and rapid introduction of market economy, questions may arise on the resilience of community based governance and the role of MPA as the main tool to maintain sustainable catches.
'Economics of Coastal Zone Management in the Pacific’ by Vina Ram-Bidesi, Padma Lal and Nicholas Conner
Pacific nations are experiencing a range of pressures on their coastal resources. A number of interconnected socio-demographic, cultural, economic and institutional factors are key drivers of change in Pacific nations. Such changes are placing significant pressure on the coastal resources that play a fundamental role in supplying food, materials, and other resources for communities. Unsustainable use of coastal zone resources has been compounded by the failure of the market system to efficiently allocate many of these resources, as they typically are not privately-owned. The Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework is used in this report to better understand the interlinkage between human activities and their effects on coral reefs. This report summarises the importance of coastal zone environments and resources for Pacific economies and communities, and drivers, pressures, and responses that contribute to unsustainable resource uses and environmental degradation.