Livelihoods and Gender

Due to its cultural richness, for thousands of years the West Asia region demonstrated conservation that ensured equitable sharing of natural resources. Through “well-thought” heritage and ethical principles, the traditional conservation approaches of ROWA have accomplished in the past what the international community are now striving to achieve after lessons learned from new conservation initiatives that compromised local people’s culture and livelihoods through unnecessarily strict “no go” rules.

Socio-economic changes endured by this region, however, led to the deterioration of traditional conservation approaches and hence adversely impacted the living conditions of rural populations and their access to resources.

The objective of this part of the Programme is to revive the region’s traditional approaches, such as “The Hima” conservation System, with the view of integrating them into a new mold that also incorporates modern principles that further guarantee equity and gender equality. The hima has been developed in the Arabia peninsula in order to protect some areas. Rules were commonly established by the community. For instance, cuttings of trees or cattle grazing were forbidden inside the area.

Molding traditional approaches with modern ethical concepts would present an ideal and practical model for programme and project implementation that manages conflicts over power and control of resources that could have risen in this diverse and multi-cultural context.

Gender mainstreaming