"Supplementary irrigation is unavoidable in Jordan"
07 April 2013 | Article
Posing a great threat to water resources in Jordan, climate change has increased the expectancy of weather and climatic hazards such as droughts and flash floods. Finding ways to adapt to changing patterns that affect one of our scarce resources in Jordan is not only vital, but necessary for water availability in the future.
Jordan is already the fourth most water scarce country in the world with 145m3 per year per capita. The Second National Communication report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) outlines the vulnerability of Jordanian water resources as critical. Water resources are expected to decrease significantly as a result of the lower precipitation. Jordan already faces a harsh natural environment with limited surface water and heavy demand on groundwater and a limited desalinization capacity.
Funded by the European Union and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the project is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH jointly with 8 cooperation partners including IUCN.The overall objective of this programme is to contribute to the security of water resources in the Mediterranean region. It also aims to enhance different wastewater treatment and reuse methods and institutionalize non-conventional water resources in partnering countries.
In Jordan, the project intends to assist in solving the water scarcity problem by installing and operating a waste water treatment unit to provide sustainable and effective treatment for proper sanitation for local community use.
Waste water management solutions pause as an alternative to other management approaches. Treated waste water can be used in irrigation or ground water recharge to reduce stress on available fresh water resources, and can be a simple operation, economically viable with low to no environmental risk.
The chosen area for implementing this project falls under specific criteria that ask for less than 2500 inhabitants that are not connected to public sewar network system. Wastewater will be treated by a set decentralized wastewater treatment unit (SBR) sequence batch reactor , which will provide clean water for landscape irrigation. With the Environmental Ministry’s approval, an EIA will be conducted for the sites final plans and approval.
“The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union”