Warming ocean temperatures and the dramatic loss of ice cover is opening Arctic waters to new and expanded shipping, fishing, research, offshore oil development, and other economic activities.Trans-Arctic and “destinational” shipping will likely grow substantially and will necessarily transit the Bering Strait, a relatively narrow 53 mile wide passage which provides the only connection between the Pacific and Arctic Oceans. …
12 Dec 2012 | Downloads - publication
19 Nov 2012 | Downloads - publication
It is amazing to think that just ten years ago hardly anyone had heard of ocean acidification. It is now much more widely understood that the increasing amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) we are emitting into the air by our activities is reacting with the ocean to alter its chemistry and push it along the scale towards acidity and is, amongst other effects, reducing the availability of carbonate ions needed by many marine animals and plants to build their shells and skeletons. …
27 Sep 2012 | Downloads - publication
The smaller number of MPAs compared to terrestrial protected areas means there is less experience and understanding of applying categories to MPAs. Application of the categories to MPAs has often been inaccurate and inconsistent. These supplementary marine guidelines are therefore aimed at ensuring that the IUCN categories can be effectively applied to all types of MPAs, as well as to any marine components of adjoining terrestrial protected areas, provided a site meets the IUCN definition of a protected area. …
25 Sep 2012 | Downloads - publication
28 Aug 2012 | Downloads - publication
30 May 2012 | Downloads - publication
Seamounts are major topographic features on the high seas and form distinctive habitats in areas that would otherwise be dominated by sedimentary plains (Clark et al. 2010). They are typified by biota that is distinct from species in surrounding sedimentary areas and can be extremely vulnerable to disturbance (Clark et al. 2010). They are a focus for conservation within national boundaries but are not specifically managed on the high seas.
A workshop, organised by GOBI and Censeam and supported by Sloan Foundation, took place at the end of 2010 with three primary goals:
-Determine suitable data for identification of EBSAs (Ecologically and Biologically Significant Areas) for seamounts
-Develop a process for the identification of priority EBSAs for seamounts
-Identify candidate EBSAs form existing seamount data and knowledge.
This report describes the provisional process for identification of EBSAs and gives an example from the South Pacific Ocean.
28 Feb 2012 | Downloads - publication
18 Feb 2012 | Project description
The first policy framework outlining activities needed to include coastal marine areas such as mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses into the work of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), has been presented in a report by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and Conservation International (CI). …
20 Dec 2011 | Downloads - publication
Ecologically or biologically significant areas in the pelagic realm : examples and guidelines : workshop report
18 Nov 2011 | Downloads - publication