In 1990, IUCN Species Survival Commission received a grant from the Sultanate of Oman.

A Fund was established in the name of Sir Peter Scott to prepare and publish a series of Species Action Plans identifying the actions necessary for the survival of species. 

In 2004, the aim was changed to support  IUCN/SSC Specialist Groups working to implement the Commission's Strategic Plan with its overall vision of "a world that values and conserves present levels of biodiversity."