The Freshwater Conservation Sub-committee (FCSC) was established in 2010 in order for the SSC to urgently address the global freshwater biodiversity crisis. The FCSC’s main activities are: (1) coordination of freshwater species conservation activities through the SSC, to highlight emerging patterns and to ensure that increasing attention is given to issues concerning freshwater biodiversity conservation; (2) to make recommendations to the SSC based on the work of the FCSC; (3) to ensure freshwater species conservation issues are aligned within the SSC and the wider IUCN; (4) to assist the SSC by providing authority and credibility in its engagement with policy processes and major freshwater related events; (5) to raise the awareness and increase the profile of the freshwater biodiversity crisis.