The World Forestry Congress was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina from October 18th to October 23rd. The IUCN Commission on Environmental Law was involved in a side event addressing Forestry Law in Argentina which took place on October 19th from 6:30 PM to 8:30 PM at the Argentinean Rural Society’s Calden Hall.
This side event was co-organized by the Political and Social Studies Institute (IEPS) and the Federal Forestry and Environmental Law Institute from the Catholic University of Santa Fe’s Law School and Political Science Department with the support of IUCN and CEL.
Ms. Nancy Tognola, Forestry Law specialist, Dr. Néstor Cafferatta, reknown doctrinaire in Environmental Law and Ms. Sheila Abed, Chair of the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law, spoke in the event on "Forestry Law in Argentina", "Environmental Law's contribution to Forestry Law" and "State of the Art Environmental Law and Efficient Law Application and Compliance Programmes. IUCN FLEGT Programme" respectively.
Ms. Tognola summarized the evolution of Forest Law in Argentina. She talked about the difficulties of complying with Forestry regulations and presented the existing need for more Forestry regulations that convey the special characteristics of conservation and the sustainable advantage of Forestry resources. She insisted on the lack of law’s support in the Forestry sector and made it very clear that it is necessary to distinguish Forestry as an autonomous specialization and distinguish this from soil and livestock farming. Ms. Tognola concluded her presentation stating that it is fundamental to strengthen Forestry law and mentioned that this is a mission that must be accomplished by the Federal Forestry and Environmental Law Institute from the Catholic University of Santa Fe’s Law School and Political Science Department.
Dr. Néstor Cafferatta mentioned the Johannesburg Declaration and its significance in the fight to eradicate poverty, reduce deforestation, minimize biodiversity loss and land and resource degradation, increase food security, provide access to drinking water and energy. He also emphasized the need to adopt immediate measures and enforce national forest law. He described Forest Law trends in countries such as Finland, Great Britain, Spain, Portugal, Panama, Costa Rica, Mexico, Colombia and others. He concluded with a brief analysis on the law 26331/ 2007, Decree 91/ 2009 and budgets for environmental protection of the forests.
Ms. Sheila Abed began her presentation on "State of the Art Environmental Law and Efficient Law Application and Compliance Programmes: IUCN FLEGT Programme" by introducing some of the main conclusions from the VI Latin-American Congress on Forestry Law in Quito, Ecuador and highlighting the lack of public policies addressing forestry degradation in Latin American countries. She continued talking about the FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade) action plan implemented by the European Union to tackle illegal logging and mentioned that IUCN is promoting this in different countries such as China, Vietnam, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Cameroon. Ms. Abed also mentioned the Non-Legally Binding Forestry Principles adopted at the Seventh Session of the United Nations Forum on Forests and requested that they be socialized to the interested parties. The Right Based Approach was another topic included in her presentation. She emphasized that forestry law and policies must consider the rights of the communities that are directly affected by the conservation plans.