United Nations Development Programme's new publication 'Biodiversity: Delivering Results in Europe and the CIS' presents some of the outcomes of Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded work managed by UNDP in Europe and the CIS that aims to conserve biodiversity.
The publication provides closer insight into the biodiversity of different Europe and CIS ecosystem types and outlines the main threats and challenges in the context of climate change. It gives a look at biodiversity conservation and protected areas management from the perspective of different countries – depending on their political and economic situation.
It presents concrete examples on how different aspects of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem management were applied in the region through UNDP supported, GEF financed projects.
The Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States (ECIS) region covers 26 countries and more than 24 million km2 (around 16 percent of the global land surface). It harbours globally important eco-regions, including forests, peatlands, freshwater ecosystems, or ecosystems functioning as a storehouse for globally important genetic diversity for wild crops and eco-systems being home for many valuable animal species.
In comparison to the rest of the world, the total number of species in ECIS region is relatively small, but the percentage of threatened species is large. The most immediate threats to biodiversity across the region, along with land conversion, habitat fragmentation and rapidly expanding recreational use remains unsustainable use and exploitation (often illegal). The world’s changing climate represents another growing threat, with major implications for biodiversity and ecosystems.
Read the full publication.