Conservation Management


 •  Species Action Plans

•  Strategic Planning for Species Conservation Handbook and Overview (version 1.0)


•  Guidelines on Species-related Issues and policy statements

•  Best Practice Guidelines for Surveys and Monitoring of Great Ape Populations

•  Best Practice Guidelines for the Re-introduction of Great Apes

•  Best Practice Guidelines for Reducing the Impact of Commercial Logging on Great Apes in Western Equatorial Africa

•  Review of Options for Managing the Impacts of Locally Overabundant African Elephants

•  IUCN Guidelines for the Prevention of Biodiversity Loss caused by Alien Invasive Species

•  Alien species in aquaculture: considerations for responsible use
This report presents a basic set of guidelines and suggestions for use by decision makers and managers when using - or deciding on the use of - alien species for aquaculture purposes.
Contact: Dan Laffoley

•  Guidelines on the Management of Ex Situ Populations for Conservation


•  Guidelines for the Placement of Confiscated Animals

Spanish :

•  Guidelines for the Prevention of Biodiversity Loss Caused by Alien Invasive Species


•  Guidelines for Re-Introductions

Japanese :

•  IUCN/SSC AfESG Guidelines for the in situ Translocation of the African Elephant for Conservation Purposes


•  RSG Guidelines for Non-human Primate Re-introductions


•  Tools for the Study and Management of Human-Elephant Conflict

(Almost all documents on this page available in English and French)

•  Reference Guide to the European Community Wildlife Trade Regulations (Revised Edition)

•  Wildlife Trade Law: A UK Enforcer's Factfile

•  FairWild Standard Version 2.0 and Performance Indicators (incorporates the International Standard for Sustainable Wild Collection of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants/ISSC-MAP

•  TEMATEA Issue Based Modules for coherent implementation of biodiversity related conventions – IBM on Invasive Alien Species



Protected Areas

•  IUCN Protected Area Management Guidelines

•  Guidelines for Tourism in Parks and Protected Areas of East Asia


•  IUCN Best Practice Guidelines in Protected Area Management

•  Financing Protected Areas - Guidelines for Protected Area Managers.

•  Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories


•  Sustainable Financing of Protected Areas

•  How is Your MPA Doing? A Guidebook of Natural and Social Indicators for Evaluating Marine Protected Areas Management Effectiveness
This report is intended as a complementary resource to help Marine Protected Area (MPA) managers and conservation practitioners to conduct evaluations and use the results to adaptively manage and improve MPAs.
Contact: Dan Lafolley

•  Managing Marine Protected Areas: A Toolkit for the Western Indian Ocean
This Toolkit aims to act as a first pont of call in the search for information on issues that MPA managers and practitioners in the Western Indian Ocean face in day-to-day operations.
Contact: Melita Samoilys

•  Managing Marine and Coastal Protected Areas: A Toolkit for South Asia.
The South Asia Toolkit has been designed to support MCPA managers in this region by providing them with a hands-on guide to a diverse arrayof topics, ranging from Environmental Impact Assessment, Financial Planning, Conflict Resolution, Mangrove Restoration, to Mariculture. The South Asia Toolkit addresses management issues relevant to all types of MCPAs, from community based, locally managed areas, nationally gazetted parks, to areas designated under international conventions and agreements, and provides information on the key issues encountered byMCPA managers, with a focus on the situation in the South Asian region.
Contact: James Oliver

•  IUCN/WCPA Marine Protected Area database with Google Earth
Protect Planet Ocean is an interactive website and platform for Marine Protected Area (MPA) professionals as well as anyone with an interest in MPAs. It enables users to explore, learn, get informed and engaged in all things related to ocean protection.
Contact: Dan Laffoley

•  World Heritage Nominations for Natural Properties : A resource manual for practitioners Tim Badman, Bastian Bomhard and Paul Dingwall. 2008

•  TEMATEA Issue Based Modules for coherent implementation of biodiversity related conventions – IBM on Protected Areas:




 • Ecosystem Management Series 9: Building Resilience to Climate Change. Ecosystem-based adaptation and lessons from the Field.
Angela Andrade Pérez, Bernal Herrera Fernández and Roberto Cazzolla Gatti

• Ecosystem Management Series 8: Environmental Guidance Note for Disaster Risk Reduction
Karen Sudmeier-Rieux and Neville Ash, 2008

• Ecosystem Management Series 7: Applying the Ecosystem Approach in Latin America
Andrade Pérez, Angela, ed. ; Medina, Maria Eugenia, 2008


•  Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disasters. An integrated approach to disaster risk management. Ecosystem management Series No. 4.


• Water and Nature Series: WANI toolkit

•  Flow - The Essentials of Environmental Flows

Spanish - Caudal:
French - Débit:
Portuguese Fluxo:

•  Change - Adaptation of Water Resources Management to Climate Change


•  PAY - Establishing Payments for Ecosystem Services
Also available in Spanish.

•  RULE- Reforming water governance


•  SHARE - Managing water across boundaries
Also available in Spanish.

•  NEGOCIATE - Reaching agreements over water

 VALUE - Counting Ecosystems as Water Infrastructure
Also available in Spanish and Chinese.

•  The Ecosystem Approach: Five Steps to Implementation


•  The Indian Ocean tsunami: Tourism as an alternative livelihood option - Ensuring incorporation of environmental considerations in associated reconstruction and rehabilitation


•  The Indian Ocean tsunami : Reducing Risk and vulnerability to future natural disasters and loss of ecosystem services

•  Recovery from the Indian Ocean Tsunami - Guidance for Ecosystem Rehabilitation incorporating livelihoods concerns


• The Ocean and Climate Change: Tools and Guidelines for Action
This publication aims to help inform the people responsible for policy and management decisions related to climate change, and all stakeholders, of the current state of knowledge of ocean and climate change issues and action opportunities.
Contact: Dorothee Herr

• The Management of Natural Coastal Carbon Sinks
This report aims to serve as a global stimulus to policy advisors and decision makers to encompass coastal ecosystems as key components of the wide spectrum of strategies needed to mitigate climate change impacts.
Contact: Dan Laffoley

• Guidelines for Development of National Ballast Water Management Strategies.
Tamelander J., Riddering L., Haag F., Matheickal J., 2010.
The manual is directed at national level practitioners as a hands-on guide to the development of national ballast water management strategies. It is intended as a source of basic information and as step-by-step guidance in the development of national ballast water management strategies. As such it can be used as a 'cook book' throughout a process, or as a resource/reference book.
contact: James Oliver

• Economic Assessments for Ballast Water Management: A Guideline.
GEF-UNDP-IMO GloBallast Parnerships Programme and IUCN. 2010.
The aim of this guideline is to aid maritime administrators, or other lead agencies working with ballast water management, to assess and quantify (as appropriate and possible) the potential economic consequences of unintended marine species introductions. Such economic understanding is intended to support sound decision making in relation to IAS risk reduction, preparedness and response planning, and in particular as a source of information for the development of a National Ballast Water Management Strategy.
Contact: James Oliver


Business and biodiversity

•  Operational Guidelines for Private Sector Engagement

Guidelines aimed at supporting IUCN Component Programmes in efforts to engage with the private sector, both for delivering programmatic results and for fundraising (sponsorship and licensing).
Focal Point: Deric Quaile

•  Biodiversity: My Hotel in Action (A guide to sustainable use of biological resources)

French    Japanese

The Guide explores the contribution that hotels can make to conservation and enhancement of biodiversity through their day-to-day contributions.
Focal Point: Giulia Carbone

•  Biodiversity Enterprise Development Guide


This is an introduction, designed for conservation organizations that want to start a biodiversity business, on how to set up biodiversity businesses. Key tips are offered following a sequence of steps that reflect the steps in the development of a business. A list of useful resources is also provided.
Focal Point: Maria Ana Borges 

• The Handbook for Corporate Action

The Handbook provides information on the business case for biodiversity, an overview of hot issues, and guidance on biodiversity management strategies.
Focal Point: Giulia Carbone

• Integrating Business Skills into Ecotourism Operations:
A "How to" Guide for the design and implementation of a training workshop

This guide provides a detailed step-by-step approach for the organization of training sessions aimed at providing conservation organisations with an insight into the tourism reality so that their tourism projects can become successful tools for conservation.

Focal Point: Maria Ana Borges

Climate Change


•  Towards Equity

 Start Makes a Better Ending: Writing Proposals from a Gender Perspective
Module 2: Seek and Ye Shall Find: Creating Participatory Appraisals from a Gender Perspective
Module 3: If We Organize it We Can do it: Project Planning from a Gender Perspective
Module 4: Taking the Pulse of Gender: Gender-sensitive Systems for Monitoring and Appraisal
Module 5: In Unity there is Power: Processes for Participation and Empowerment
Modules in all IUCN languages can be downloaded from:


•  Using economic incentives for biodiversity conservation

•  Community-based incentives for nature conservation

•  Operational Guidelines for Private Sector Engagement 

•  CRISTAL (Community-based Risk Screening Tool - climate change Adaptation & Livelihoods)

•  Sustainable biofuels management: Implementing Sustainable Bioenergy Production: a compilation of tools and approaches

•  Guidelines on biofuels and invasive species

•  Buy, Sell and Trade! Free Game on Ecosystem Services.
The "Buy, Sell, Trade!" game is a role-playing exercise that demonstrates the multiple benefits of preserving ecosystems for the services that they provide. 
 Buy Sell and Trade Presentation
 Contact: David Huberman

 •  Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification (SLED): A Manual for Practitioners.
The aim of this document is to provide development practitioners with an introduction to the Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification (SLED) process as well as guidance for practitioners facilitating that process. It provides a set of guidelines for development and conservation practitioners whose task it is to assist people in enhancing and diversifying their livelihoods.
Contact: James Oliver



Guidelines on the managedment of ex situ populatiôns for conservation