The Pacific islands: An analysis of the status of species as listed on the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™

24 September 2009 | News story

The IUCN Regional Office for Oceania has completed an analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red List in relation to species from the Pacific islands. This is the first step in a project which aims to increase our knowledge of the region’s threatened species.

The project is being carried out in partnership with SPREP (Secretariat for the Pacific Regional Environment Programme), and aims to use the IUCN Categories and Criteria in order to develop a comprehensive Regional Red List for the Pacific islands. The production of the Analysis, along with accompanying Appendices and Country Profiles, allows us to see the current status of species in the Pacific islands as assessed using the IUCN Red List categories and criteria.

The Analysis examines 3769 species from 24 Pacific island countries and territories that are listed on the 2008 Red List. Of these assessed Pacific island species, almost 30% are listed as threatened with extinction. Vertebrates are the most well-known of all taxonomic groups in the Pacific. Amongst the vertebrates, birds, mammals and amphibians have been assessed globally through several of IUCN’s global assessment programmes. However, the Analysis has shown that there are huge gaps in our knowledge for several groups in the Pacific islands: reptiles, fishes (freshwater and marine), all invertebrates (except hard corals) and all plants and fungi (except conifers and cycads which are almost completely assessed globally) are all under-represented on the 2008 Red List.


The Analysis, Appendices and Country Profiles can be downloaded from the IUCN Oceania website.