Issues briefs

IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues central to IUCN’s work. They are aimed at policy-makers, journalists or anyone looking for an accessible overview of the often complex issues related to nature conservation and sustainable development.

Latest issues briefs

Drylands and land degradation


June 2017

Abstract

Drylands are places of water scarcity, where rainfall may be limited or may only be abundant for a short period. They experience high mean temperatures, leading to high rates of water loss to...

Themes: Ecosystems, Drylands

thumbnail_Marine plastics issues brief


June 2017

Abstract

Plastic is a synthetic organic polymer made from petroleum with properties ideally suited for a wide variety of applications, including packaging, building and construction, household and sports...

Themes: Marine, Ocean Governance

Thumbnail_Ocean warming_issues brief


June 2017

Abstract

The ocean absorbs vast quantities of heat as a result of increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, mainly from fossil fuel consumption. Research shows it has absorbed more than...

Themes: Climate Change, Marine

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Thumbnail_Biodiversity offsets


September 2016

Abstract

Public and private sector investments in projects such as infrastructure development, mining and oil exploration are among the current drivers of economic growth. However, biodiversity is not well...

Themes: Business

Thumbnail_Issues_cc_oceans


November 2015

Abstract

The coastal ecosystems of mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows provide numerous benefits and services that are essential for climate change adaptation along coasts globally, including...

Themes: Climate Change, Marine

Thumbnail_CC and Disasters issues brief


November 2015

Abstract

The increasing incidence and severity of disasters such as hurricanes, floods and landslides are leaving more people vulnerable each year – particularly the poor and marginalised. In the last 10...

Themes: Climate Change, Ecosystems, Disater Risk Reduction

Drylands and land degradation


June 2017

Abstract

Drylands are places of water scarcity, where rainfall may be limited or may only be abundant for a short period. They experience high mean temperatures, leading to high rates of water loss to...

Themes: Ecosystems, Drylands

Thumbnail_EbA issues brief


November 2015

Abstract

Communities have been adapting to climate variability for centuries, but now their coping mechanisms are being outpaced by the fast-changing climate. Without tackling extreme poverty, sustainably...

Themes: Climate Change, Ecosystems

Thumbnail_CC and Forests issues brief


November 2015

Abstract

Forests are a stabilising force for the climate. They regulate ecosystems, play an integral part in the carbon cycle, support livelihoods, and supply goods and services that can drive sustainable...

Themes: Climate Change, Forests

Thumbnail_CC and Gender issues brief


November 2015

Abstract

Across societies the impacts of climate change affect women and men differently. Women are often responsible for gathering and producing food, collecting water and sourcing fuel for heating and...

Themes: Climate Change, Gender

Thumbnail_Issues brief CC and land degradation


November 2015

Abstract

Soil is the biggest terrestrial carbon sink. The world’s soils store more carbon than the planet’s biomass and atmosphere combined. This includes soil organic carbon, which is essentially...

Themes: Climate Change, Ecosystems, Drylands

thumbnail_Marine plastics issues brief


June 2017

Abstract

Plastic is a synthetic organic polymer made from petroleum with properties ideally suited for a wide variety of applications, including packaging, building and construction, household and sports...

Themes: Marine, Ocean Governance

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