Natural infrastructure – ecosystems such as forests, wetlands and coral reefs – provides a steady flow of benefits such as clean air and water, flood and drought protection and climate regulation.
Far from being a constraint to development, nature offers many accessible and cost-effective opportunities.
- Coastal wetlands in the United States provide an estimated US$ 23.2 billion a year in storm protection services.
- The forests of China’s Miyun watershed generate benefits worth US$ 2 billion a year whilst supplying 70% of Beijing’s drinking water.
- Fisheries and aquaculture are worth more than US$ 200 billion globally per year.
IUCN aims to ensure that biodiversity is properly taken into account in economic policy, financial systems, investment and markets. To achieve this, we join forces with governments and international policy fora such as the UN General Assembly and the World Economic Forum, as well as regional platforms including the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Working with companies, industry associations and consumer groups, we highlight the many benefits that protecting biodiversity and ecosystems can bring to both the public and private sector.