Introduction to resilience assessment as a tool for transforming social-ecological systems
Conservation Campus. 14:00 - 18:00. Crystal Ballroom 1. Lotte Hotel. Code 0389
Mike Jones, of the Stockholm Resilience Centre and SULi members introduces the “Promoting Resilience in Ecosystem Services” journey at WCC.
The theme and slogan of WCC 2012 is Nature+: “boosting the resilience of nature – improving how quickly nature and people adapt to change”. Paying attention to resilience is good, but resilience is a buzzword used in many contexts for many purposes, often without an understanding of the underlying assumptions. This is confusing and leaves people wondering what does resilience mean?
Broadly speaking, there are two kinds of resilience: engineering resilience based on the assumption that systems are predictable and can be constructed as “fail-safe” entities that will not collapse; and ecological resilience based on the assumption that systems are unpredictable, routinely cycle through collapse and renewal, and are “safe-to-fail” to a wide range of disturbances. Both kinds of resilience are useful, but the misapplication of concepts such as maximum sustainable yield and economic optimisation based on the assumption of predictability, has undermined nature’s resilience, creating brittle ecosystems that are prone to permanent collapse. Some systems have collapsed, others are collapsing, and yet others are being restored through corrective management. On balance though, humanity seems to be exceeding the limits to which nature can be used without undermining its capacity for renewal and resilience to the shocks of disturbance events like climate change. Understanding ecological resilience, how it can be restored, and how interdependent systems of humans and nature can be transformed, will be a crucial part of navigating future uncertainties.
I will be attending WCC thanks to the sponsorship of the Commission on Ecosystem Management and will be running and/or attending a number of events that consider resilience from different perspectives. The foundation for these is a Conservation Campus to introduce people to the resilience assessment tool (based on ecological resilience) developed by the Resilience Alliance for managing systems of humans and nature. Other events will explore resilience in the context of food systems, ecosystem services, climate change, oil spill disasters and ecological restoration.
Promoting understanding of resilience is a priority for CEM and the Ecosystem Management Programme as reflected in the Journey "Promoting Resilience in Ecosystem Services". CEM and the Programme will be looking for ways to integrate resilience in all of its activities in the next quadrennial. The broad aim is to encourage the formation of a resilience working group within IUCN to apply and test the resilience assessment tool.
Towards sustainable sourcing of wild plants: FairWild +4
Knowledge café. 11:00 - 13:00. Knowledge Cafes. Room 102. Code 0281
In this knowledge café, TRAFFIC and partners the FairWild Foundation and IUCN Medicinal Plants Specialist Group will present the latest developments of the FairWild Standard - a set of best practice guidelines for the sustainable use and trade in wild harvested plants. The event will highlight examples of use of the Standard by industry, governments and communities, and provide a forum for discussion about the ways and means for increase of the use and impact of the FairWild Standard, as the best practice for sustainable harvesting and trade in wild plants. A particular topic the event will address is viewing the FairWild Standard as the opportunity to bridge the gaps between the work of development and conservation organizations and markets for sustainably produced ingredients. Development and conservation organizations, private sector, and government representatives are invited to join in this event.
Bushmeat and beyond? A collaborative partnership on sustainable wildlife management: SULi with African Elephant Specialist Group, FAO, TRAFFIC, East and Southern Africa Regional Office, IUCN South America, IUCN West and Central Africa Forest Programme, Asia Regional Office
Discussion event. 13:00 - 14:30. Species Pavilion. Code 1174
Towards a collaborative partnership on sustainable wildlife management/CIC with partners FAO, CBD Secretariat, Federations of Associations for Hunting and Conservation of the EU (FACE), TRAFFIC
Knowledge Café. 14:30 - 16:30. Species Pavilion. Code 0221
Both of these events, which will be run in coordination, address and seek to promote discussion of the idea of establishing an international collaborative platform to address sustainable wildlife management issues, a proposal that is currently being consulted on by the CBD Secretariat.
Further, the CIC has submitted a motion to the WCC requesting support from the IUCN for launching this initiative: M155 - Collaborative partnership on wildlife.
Networking event. 19:00 - 21:00. Species Pavilion. Code 1176
This event, organised by SULi with partner TRAFFIC, is an opportunity to bring together all those interested in or working on sustainable use and livelihoods from across IUCN, including SULi itself, SSC Specialist Groups, CEESP themes, IUCN members, global themes and regional offices. It aims to foster interaction, raise awareness of SULi, and promote networking and personal contacts across these groups. A brief welcome from Rosie and from Simon Stuart, SSC Chair and Aroha Mead, CEESP Chair, is planned, followed by networking over drinks. Contact: Rosie Cooney
Resilience and Nature+
What constitutes a resilient food system?
11:00 - 13:00. Halla A Workshop. Code 0392
International Institute for Environment and Development, Urundei, Natural Justice, CEESP
Fisheries, Biodiversity and Food Security
Workshop. 11.00 - 13.00. Room 303. Code 0306
Despina Symons, of the European Bureau of Conservation and Development and SULi member is leading the development of this workshop, organised by EBCD and partners. In the future, food from the sea is going to be of increasing importance to global food security. Ways have to be found to meet these needs that are compatible with conservation of biodiversity. At present, decisions are made separately in conservation and sectoral and this does not facilitate integration, coordination or even common understanding. The risk is that both fields of governance miss their targets.
Motion M122 on Promoting and supporting community resource management and conservation as a foundation for sustainable development is an important motion calling for greater support for community-based natural resource management, under the new unifying terminology it proposes of “community resource management” (CRM). This motion references the Symposium on “The Relevance of Community-based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) to the Conservation and Sustainable Use of CITES-listed Species in Exporting Countries” (Vienna, Austria, May 2011), in which many SULi members participated.
Re-developing IUCN´s work on Sustainable Use (SSC official session)
Workshop. 1:00 - 13:00. Tamna Hall. Event 0801
This workshop, organised by SULi and partners CIC, FACE, EBCD, Fur Institute Canada, International Fur Trade Federation, UNEP-WCMC and several parts of the Secretariat, aims to highlight and survey emerging issues and future directions in sustainable use, and invite input on priorities for SULi and IUCN’s work on sustainable use in the future, and engage people and potential partners in being involved. Issues covered include food security and wild resource use; NRM governance, community rights and climate change adaptation; decision-support tools for land and biodiversity managers; the potential of sustainable use to mitigate human-wildlife conflict; sustainable use and small-scale fisheries; and the potential and pitfalls of standards and certification for wild-harvested products, with speakers including Kule Chitepo, Masego Madzwamuse, Iain Davidson-Hunt, Holly Shrumm, Steve Broad, Rob Cahill and Robert Kenward. Contact: Rosie Cooney
Arctic species conservation: Inuit knowledge and livelihoods and
Conservation and equitable use of biodiversity in MesoAmerica and the Caribbean
14:30 - 16:30. Species Pavilion. Code: 1183
The first event, organised by IUCN US Office, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, IUCN SULi and partners, will illustrate the ongoing efforts of Inuit wildlife management systems to link Inuit traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge in management decision-making. The second event, organised by IUCN ORMA, will highlight two case studies showcasing work aiming to strike a balance between conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean.
Conservation and Poverty, Landscapes and Livelihoods - What have we learnt about the links?
Workshop. 14:30 - 16:30. Yeongju A. Code: 0756
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Dilys Roe, SULi member and researcher at the International Institute for Environment and Development, is leading the development of this workshop of IIED and partners. In the last decade many initiatives have been developed to improve understanding of the linkages between biodiversity conservation, livelihoods and poverty alleviation, and the various factors (markets, governance, rights and tenure, national and global policies, etc) that impact those linkages. These include IUCN’s Landscapes and Livelihoods Strategy (LLS), CIFOR's Poverty Environment Network, the MacArthur-funded Advancing Conservation in a Social Context initiative and the DFID-funded Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation initiative. This session, convened by IIED and IUCN’s Forest Conservation Programme (FCP), together with the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) and the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), will highlight lessons learned from these types of initiatives.
Enhancing the resilience of antelopes to human threats: from plan to action
Knowledge Café. 14:30 - 16:30. Knowledge Cafes. Room 102. Code 0085
Philippe Chardonnet of the Fondation International pour la Sauvegarde de la Faune, Chair of the Antelope Specialist Group (ASG) and SULi member, is leading the development of this workshop, addressing the specific issue of transforming conservation recommendations into action. Habitat conversion for agriculture and over-harvesting for meat are among the prominent threats. Conservation successes do exist in some antelope range States and the question is raised whether lessons can be learnt, including from the wildlife ranching and tourism industries and used for improving the situation elsewhere. The debate will concentrate on identifying (i) the constraints limiting the implementation of recommendations and (ii) the actions needed for making effective progress in the field.