Global and Regional Initiatives in India

Forests of South East Cameroon

Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategy (LLS)

LLS is a global initiative which builds on IUCN’s Forest Conservation Programme. It receives core funding from the Netherlands Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) and was initiated in 2007.


This programme looks at the entire landscape in which people and forests interact and seeks to ensure that the landscape provides forest-dependent communities with livelihoods in a way that supports the balance between people and nature.


The India LLS initiative aims at facilitating better market returns to Joint Forest Management and Community Forest Management groups through institutional reforms.

Replanting mangroves

Mangroves for the Future (MFF) Initiative

MFF is a unique IUCN- and UNDP-led multi-partner (CARE, FAO, UNEP and Wetlands International, with support from Norad and Sida) initiative to promote investment in coastal ecosystem conservation.


It initially focused on the countries worst affected by the tsunami: India, Indonesia, Maldives, Seychelles, Sri Lanka and Thailand. MFF has recently expanded to include Pakistan and Viet Nam.


MFF provides a collaborative platform to the many agencies, sectors and countries which are addressing challenges to coastal ecosystem and livelihood issues, so that they may work towards a common goal. MFF is inclusive of all coastal ecosystems, including coral reefs, estuaries, lagoons, sandy beaches, sea grasses and wetlands. Its long-term management strategy is based on identified needs and priorities for sustainable coastal ecosystem management.

mountain lake, India

The Water and Nature Initiative (WANI)

This initiative builds on the IUCN’s Water Programme and works towards managing and protecting the world’s water reserves and heritage for the benefit of all.


It brings together stakeholders to demonstrate sustainable management of water resources. It also aims at reducing poverty and protecting the environment by helping people manage river flows and improving access to water for all communities.

Olive Ridley turtle hatchlings crawling towards the sea at Rushikulya, Orissa, India in April 2009.

Dhamra Port Project

In 2007, IUCN engaged in the Dhamra Port Project, Orissa, with the Dhamra Port Company Ltd (DPCL), a joint venture between steel company Tata Steel Ltd. and engineering and construction firm Larsen & Toubro (L&T).


IUCN provides assistance in designing mitigation measures and developing environmental standards construction of the port. IUCN is promoting corporate environmental responsibility by formulating a sound environment management plan for the development and operation of the port.

Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya (HKKH)

Regional cooperation on climate change mitigation and adaptation in the Himalayan region

This programme has been initiated to promote discussion on regional cooperation in sustainable development and climate change mitigation and adaptation in the Himalayan region.


As an introduction to this programme, a workshop has been planned for August, 2010 in Sikkim, North-East India. Its two objects are, firstly, to produce best practices guidelines for mitigating and adapting to climate change in the North-East Indian Himalayan region and, secondly, to identify representatives, objectives and activities from the North-East Indian Himalayan region for a chapter of the ‘IHR Roundtable on Climate Change Stabilization’.

Bengal Tiger being Released into the wild from a boat in the Sundarbans