Moldova is located in South Eastern Europe and most of its territory lies between two main rivers, the Dniester (at the Eastern border with Ukraine) and Prut (at the Western border with Romania). Moldova's proximity to the Black Sea makes its moderately continental climate mild and sunny. At its southernmost tip, the country reaches the Danube basin.
The four eco-regions of the country (Central European mixed forests, East European forest steppe, South forest steppe and Pontic steppe area) provide home to significant biological diversity. The main biodiversity is associated with forest ecosystems of the central hilly plateau, called traditionally Codrii, which means forests in Romanian. Wetlands of the lower Prut (left tributary of the Danube) and Dniester rivers are true reservoirs for biodiversity and important bird migration routes.
The Ecological Society “Biotica” is a Member of IUCN since 2000. IUCN is active in the country also through the ENPI FLEG Programme – a project on forest law enforcement and governance co-implemented with the World Bank and WWF in seven countries in Eastern Europe. Several nature conservation experts are active in the IUCN global Commissions.