Viet Nam faces considerable challenges to effectively safeguard biodiversity in the country. The incorporation of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) in the Draft Viet Nam Biodiversity Law represents a mechanism to meet these challenges.
PES is a new concept in Viet Nam. It rewards actors that are conserving natural resources by providing payment for valuable goods and services that result from the conservation activities. These payments generate sustainable financing that can be invested in environmental conservation activities, further promoting sustainable natural resources management.
Efforts to incorporate PES into the Draft Viet Nam Biodiversity Law were pursued in a series of workshops organized by the Dong Nai River Basin Conservation Landscape Project under the Asia Regional Biodiversity Conservation Program (ARBCP). The latest workshop was held in August.
Members of the Vietnam National Assembly, Government ministry officials, academics, and non-government organization representatives attended this workshop. The outputs of the workshop include: 1) Recognition of the necessity for incorporating PES into the Viet Nam Draft Biodiversity Law; 2) Identification of PES as a suitable funding mechanism for Viet Nam; and, 3) Discussion of pertinent strategies to incorporate PES into the Draft Biodiversity Law.
The ARBCP is funded by the United State Agency for International Development (USAID) and jointly implemented by Winrock- International, The World Conservation Union (IUCN), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) and Ministry for Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).
Viet Nam is ranked 16th among the 25 countries with the highest biodiversity levels in the world. Its environmental resources act as a buffer against natural disasters, supply clean water, and absorb carbon dioxide. Yet, Viet Nam’s rapid national economic growth has negatively impacted the country’s ecosystems, while funding shortages and perceived low economic returns from conservation activities discourage landholders from preserving biodiversity.
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