Forests provide critical resources to many in Central and West Africa. In recent studies by IUCN, between 25-40% of rural incomes are derived from forests, reaching as high as 75% in some hunter-gatherer communities. Forests are also responsible for regulating global climate and are considered by some to be a global common good. However, forests are under pressure from local and commercialized use and in many cases, local people do not have legal rights to customary forests. Furthermore, there is increasing competition with forests for other land uses such as by forestry, mining, and agro-industry interests. These issues are treated in more detail in the sections below. The Forest Programme will be engaging in the following themes over the next program: REDD+, Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR), and forest governance using a variety of tools and approaches.