Ecosystem Management

The well-being of people all over the world depends on healthy ecosystems to provide goods, like food and water, and services like climate regulation and protection from natural hazards.

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Diverse and healthy ecosystems matter

 

In the past 20 years

90 %

of major disasters caused by weather-related events

Islands harbour

20 %

of all plant, bird and reptile species

Drylands coverage

36%

of global terrestrial carbon stocks


How we engage

IUCN uses ecosystem-based approaches and works with governments and local communities to develop and implement policies and actions contributing to long-term disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.

IUCN addresses information gaps and capacity needs on the sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, with the aim of achieving sustainable and resilient development. 


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canaima national park venezuela Photo: @ Rebecca Miller

Red List of Ecosystems

Since the state of conservation of ecosystems is constantly changing, the reality is that a red list represents the equivalent to a photograph of an ecosystem's risk of collapsing at the time of its assessment.

 

Herd-Kenya Photo: Herd-Kenya, Davies

Global Drylands Initiative

Drylands are found in tropical and temperate latitudes and account for 41.3% of the global terrestrial area. They can be classified into four types - dry sub-humid, semi-arid, arid and hyper-arid lands - encompassing a variety of ecosystems. The goal of the Global Drylands Initiative...
EPIC Thailand Photo: Camille Buyck

Environment and Disasters

Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of climate-related hazards Nature-based solutions can help communities prepare for, cope with, and recover from disasters.

 

Moyan Brenn CC BY 2.0 Photo: Moyan Brenn CC BY 2.0

Global Island Partnership

Work together to build resilient and sustainable island communities by inspiring leadership, catalyzing commitments and facilitating collaboration for all islands.

 

Quick reads

Aimed at policy-makers and journalists, IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues in a two-pager format.

Issues Brief - Disasters and climate change Issues Brief - Disasters and climate change Photo: IUCN

Nature-based solutions to disasters

According to the Emergency Events Database, in the last ten years, over 730,000 people have lost their lives, over 1.9 million have been injured, and around 15 million have been made homeless as a...

Thumbnail_Issues brief CC and land degradation Photo: IUCN

Land degradation and climate change

Soil is the biggest terrestrial carbon sink. The world’s soils store more carbon than the planet’s biomass and atmosphere combined. This includes soil organic carbon, which is essentially...

thumbnail_iucn_issues_cc_peatlands Photo: thumbnail_iucn_issues_cc_peatlands

Peatlands and climate change

Peatlands are a type of wetlands that occur in almost every country on Earth, currently covering 3% of the global land surface. The term ‘peatland’ refers to the peat soil and the wetland habitat...

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