Forests

Forests are globally important in regulating climate and locally important in sustaining communities and supporting biodiversity. But they, and the people who depend on them, are under increasing pressure.

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Among the world’s greatest assets

 

for the climate

40 %

of the world’s oxygen is produced by rainforests

for biodiversity

80 %

of terrestrial biodiversity is in forests

for communities

1.6

billion people depend on forests


How we engage

IUCN works to build sustainable landscapes, protect primary forests and advance the rights of forest communities. Through its forest initiatives, IUCN helps countries implement effective forest and land-use policies, achieve national priorities and meet international commitments on climate change, biodiversity and land degradation.


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News

  • woman smiling and holding seedling Photo: IUCN / Pauline Buffle

    Money grows for trees: Financing FLR in Asia and beyond

    12.06.2018

    The loss of global tree cover reached a record 29.7 million hectares in 2016. While ambitious programmes across Asia to restore forest landscapes and help support rural communities are growing, there remains inadequate financing throughout the region and the...

  • Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, World Heritage site Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System - the Blue Hole Photo: IUCN / Elena Osipova

    World Heritage in-danger: Belize reef recovers while Lake Turkana faces dam threat – IUCN

    28.05.2018

    In-danger status can be lifted from the world’s second largest coral reef, Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in charge of advising the UNESCO World Heritage Committee on natural sites....

  • grass huts in a field with people and forest Photo: IUCN / George Akwah

    Inclusivity across 4 African landscapes

    28.05.2018

    Thought leaders from civil society, government and business are advancing a ‘landscape approach’ to land use and resource decision-making. Such an approach seeks to address the often-competing interests of different stakeholders across a landscape to engage...

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Publications

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looking straight up a big tree from the ground Photo: iStock / IUCN

Raising the profile of primary forests and intact forest landscapes

Although restored or even degraded forests can offer some degree of environmental and ecological functionality, they fall short of delivering the full and robust suite of benefits provided by primary forests and intact forest landscapes – forests free of significant human degradation....
bonn challene logo with flower Photo: IUCN

The Bonn Challenge

The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2020 and 350 million by 2030.

 

view along a sandy beach with water and mangroves on left Photo: IUCN / James Oliver

Mangrove restoration

Mangroves are critical coastal ecosystems that impact our lives. They nourish biodiversity as nursery grounds for many coastal and marine species and support fisheries. They buffer coastal communities against extreme weather events such as hurricanes, stabilise coastlines and slow or...
cartoon with five people working around a table Photo: IUCN

Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM)

The Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM), produced by IUCN and the World Resources Institute (WRI), provides a flexible and affordable framework for countries to rapidly identify and analyse areas that are primed for forest landscape restoration (FLR) and to identify...

Quick reads

Aimed at policy-makers and journalists, IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues in a two-pager format.

Forests and climate change

Forests are a stabilising force for the climate. They regulate ecosystems, protect biodiversity, play an integral part in the carbon cycle, support livelihoods, and supply goods and services that can...

Deforestation and forest degradation

Deforestation and forest degradation are the biggest threats to forests worldwide. Deforestation occurs when forests are converted to non-forest uses, such as agriculture and road construction....

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